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The Gruppo di Intervento Speciale (GIS, in English "Special Intervention Group") is an elite airborne special operations counter-terrorism tactical response unit inside the Italian Carabinieri military police, first formed in 1977. In 2004 the GIS evolved into a special forces unit. The unit has taken part in counter-terrorism operations and VIP, executive and dignitary protection security details ever since the inception of the GIS.
It is an upcoming organization to be introduced in the Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege: Operation Para Bellum expansion.
Italy's first counter-terrorism unit was the Compagnia Speciale Anti-terrorismo (Anti-terrorism Special Company), founded to thwart South Tyrol separatists. In 1978, however, Italy's Interior Minister pushed for more counter-terror units, and invited Britain's SAS to help identify the best units to combat terrorism. The SAS identified the commandos of the Italian Navy, the 9th Regiment Col Moschin, and surprisingly, the Carabinieri as a potentially excellent special intervention group. The G.I.S. was born.